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HOME 首页 > 服务项目 > 压力管道许可证 > 管道常用术语与英语代号

安装资质:管道常用术语与英语代号

文章录入:上海华道顾问   文章来源:压力容器人   添加时间:2021-9-25
一、专业名词术语
设计图layout; design
毛重gross weight
施工图final
净重net weight
平面图plan
支座saddle
立面图elevation
支架support
轴测图、透视图isometric drawing; detail drawing
吊架cradle
详图、大样图、接点图record drawing
间距distance; clearance; spacing
修改图竣工图as-completed drawing; as-built drawing
跨距span
图名title
焊接welding
图号drawn No. 
焊缝weld; welding seam; bead
比例scale
石棉水泥接口asbestos-cement joint
温度temperature
青铅接口lead joint
设计温度design temperature
承口、大头hub; bell; socket
湿度humidity
插口、小头spigot
流量flow
压力试验pressure test
流速flow velocity
水压试验hydraulic test
摄氏温度centigrade scale(℃) 
渗漏leakage
华氏温度Fahrenheit scale(°F) 
关闭close
公称直径nominal diameter(DN)
型号、类型type; model
外径outside diameter(OD)
尺寸、体积size; volume
内径inside diameter(ID)
功率power
一览表list; breviate; catalogue 
转速rotating speed
重量weight
二、材料设备
镀锌钢管galvanized steel pipe
溢流管overflow pipe
焊接钢管welded steel pipe
循环管circulation pipe
无缝钢管seamless steel pipe
放水管ajutage
不锈钢管stainless steel pipe
煤气管gas pipe
铸铁给水管cast iron pipe for water
压缩空气管compressed air pipe
铸铁排水管cast iron pipe for waste 
液化石油气管LPG pipe
铜管copper pipe
氧气管O2 pipe
聚氯乙烯塑料管PVC pipe
乙炔管C2H2 pipe
硬聚氯乙烯塑料管UPVC pipe
真空管vacuum pipe
陶土管、缸瓦管vitrified pipe
地下管道underground pipe
预应力混凝土管prestressed concrete pipe
顶管jacking
螺纹连接管道screwed pipe; thread pipe
埋深placing depth
套管、保护管casing pipe; casing protected pipe
管沟trench
管道附件pipe auxiliaries
管道工plumber
阀门valve 
安装install; erect; fit; fix
手动阀manually operated valve
安装工程installation
气动阀pneumatically operated valve
组装make-up; assemble
电磁阀electromagnetically operated valve
热水采暖hot water heating
电动阀electrically operated valve
蒸汽采暖steam heating
闸阀gate valve
自动消防系统automatic fire system
截止阀break valve 
喷水灭火系统sprinker system
止回阀、单向阀check valve; back-pressure valve
埋设、暗敷built-in
球阀globe valve; ball cock
总管main pipe
减压阀pressure reducing valve
立管stack; riser
疏水阀steam trap
横管horizontal
安全阀safety valve
水平管horizontal
浮球阀float valve
支管branch pipe
角阀angle valve
向上去to above (T/A)
蝶阀butterfly valve
向下去to below (T/B)
底阀、吸水阀foot valve
坐标coordinates
过滤器strainer; filter
绝对标高absolute elevation;absolute level
水嘴、龙头tap
相对标高relative elevation;relative level
冲洗阀flush valve
坡度slope
旁通阀by-pass valve
找中心centring
旋塞cock; plug cock
安装误差installation deviation
管件pipe fitting
绝对压力absolute pressure
马铁配件mitis iron fittings

相对压力relative pressure
弯头elbow
设计压力design pressure
三通Tee
操作压力operating pressure
四通cross
盲板、法兰盖blind
补芯、内外丝bushing
垫片gasket
管接头coupler; socket
螺栓bolt
活接头、由任union
螺母nut
异径管、大小头reducer
盘根、密封填料packing
短接头、对丝nipple
软管接头connection
锁母、纳子nut
U形螺丝、U形轧头stirrup
管堵、塞头plug
洗脸盆、面盆washbasin; lavatory
套筒、套袖sleeve
大便器、马桶closet; water closet; lavatory bowl
弯管bend 浴缸bath tub
乙字管offset
小便斗urinal
U形弯close return bend
莲蓬头、淋浴器shower; shower nozzle
法兰flange
地漏floor drain
设计design
存水弯siphon trap; trap; running trap
校对check
卫生设备plumbing fixture; sanitary fitting
专业负责人chief
水泵pump
设计总负责人project chief
水塔water tower
投标tender; bid
水表disc meter; rating meter
概算budget estimate 
离心泵centrifugal pump
预算(表)budget
消火栓、消防龙头fire hydrant; fire plug
决算actual budget
室内消火栓indoor fire hydrant
规范、标准、准则code; standard 
室外消火栓outdoor fire hydrant
底层ground floor(英); first floor(美)
地上消火栓post fire hydrant
二层first floor(英); second floor(美)
地下消火栓flush fire hydrant
三层second floor(英); third floor(美)
消防箱fire box
锅炉房boiler room
泡沫灭火器foam fire extinguisher
泵房pump room
卤代烷灭火器halon fire extinguisher
楼上upstairs
二氧化碳灭火器CO2 fire extinguisher
楼下downstairs
干粉灭火器powder fire extinguisher
夹层mezzanine
清水灭火器plain water fire extinguisher
地下室basement; cellar
消防器材five apparatus;fire-fight extinguisher
顶层groof; ceiling; top floor
报警器warning
卧室、起居室bed room; living room
水箱tank
盥洗间lavatory
锅炉boiler
厕所toilet
补偿器、膨胀节compensator; expander
浴室bathroom
散热器(片)radiator
厨房kitchen
加热器heater
技术要求specification
热交换器heat exchanger
外观检查visual inspection
人孔man hole; hatch
验收、认可accept; acceptance
空调器air conditioner
现场site; job site, working site
煤气表gas meter
工期completion period
煤气灶gas cooker
扫地出门job clean up 
绝缘跨接导线bridle wire
竣工complete
冷凝器condenser
进水管inlet pipe 
油分离器oil separator
出水管outlet pipe
防锈漆rust protection paint
上水管water pipe;feed water;water supply 
保温层insulation; insulator
下水管drain pipe; waste pipe
压力表pressure gauge
废水管waste pipe
温度计temperature gauge; thermometer
粪便污水管soil pipe, sewer pipe
液位计level gauge; level indicator
透气管vent pipe
下水窨井drain well
雨水管storm drain pipe; storm sewer
污水窨井sewer man-hole
冷水管cold water pipe
化粪池septic tank; anaerobic tank
热水管hot water pipe
阀门井valve well
蒸气管steam pipe
冷冻水管freezing water pipe
冷凝水管condensate pipe
回水管return water pipe
冷却水管cooling water pipe
Crossover: 跨越;跨桥
Brass Comp F: BRASS COMPRESSION FITTINGS 黄铜卡套配件
Socket: 插座
Brass Comp N: brass compression nut 黄铜卡套螺母
Brass Comp Plate Wall Elbow: 黄铜卡套板壁弯头
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